McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Solution One contractor and likewise has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis contractor, and has actually won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Championships and eight Manufacturers' Championships. The team is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest initial success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Additional American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their first Formula One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took control of as group principal and quickly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the group. This started the group's most effective era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Drivers' Championships and the group took 6 Manufacturers' Champions. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent difficulty throughout this duration, the two winning every fitters' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had transferred to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until a minimum of 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the Click here for more full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One group Cooper with whom he had actually won 3 Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, but when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce chose to set up his own team to run him and his prospective Formula One teammate Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper cars and trucks.